May 1, 2008 at 2:32 pm Leave a comment

Typically it shows up as bumps on a dog’s chin that resemble those seen with acne in people. In some cases, this can be the result of allergic reactions. Plastic food bowels may be a source of these reactions in some dogs. Demodectic mange, immunosuppressive disease, drug reactions and trauma are other possible underlying causes.

Canine acne usually occurs on the chin of affected dogs. It resembles acne in humans and it tends to occur in a similar pattern, showing up in adolescence and continuing into adulthood in a small percentage of dogs. Short coated dogs, such as boxers, bulldog and Doberman pinschers are most commonly affected. Usually this is a minor problem but some dogs can develop significant infections.

It is necessary to appropriately treat any underlying disease in order to succeed in eliminating the acne long term. Most cases of canine acne can be controlled.

Mild forms of acne may just appear as reddened bumps on the skin. More severe cases may have larger hard lumps, sometimes associated with a draining tract.

It is not always necessary to treat acne. When it becomes a problem, it will often respond to treatment with a shampoo containing benzoyl peroxide. Dogs may be sensitive to gels or shampoos containing greater than 2.5% benzoyl peroxide. In really severe cases, antibiotic treatment lasting several weeks or even short term treatment with corticosteroids may be necessary.

–  CATS –

Chin acne is a condition in cats which is characterized by bumps or pimples that appear on the skin of the lower jaw of the cat. Sometimes the area appears to have black crusts spots on the affected jaw. These areas are actually infected sores, much like that of acne in people. The infection involves the hair follicles as well, which is again similar to that in people acne.

The cause of chin acne is unclear, but allergies tend to be associated with the condition. Sometimes cats are allergic to plastic if fed from a plastic food dish (contact allergy). Other times, allergies from pollen (inhalant allergy), flea allergy, or food allergy, can be associated with this condition.

Treatment is done with topical medication applied to the affected area. Usually medication which contains benzoyl peroxide works the best. Benzoyl peroxide is an agent found in many over the counter acne preparations, and acts to “flush” the hair follicles free of debris and infection. Benzoyl peroxide for our cats usually is available in a shampoo preparation. Shampoo with benzoyl peroxide can be applied directly from the bottle onto the affected area and left to dry.

Cleaning the area as needed and continued application, will most often clear the condition. Cats with underlying allergies need to be treated for these conditions as well to prevent the reoccurrence of chin acne.


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